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Information Center: Images used on the Home Page

The following images appear on the home page of Black Studies Center:

  • There were a large number of theaters in Harlem during the 1920s, mainly hosting burlesque acts and chorus girls. Four stood on a single block of 125th Street between Seventh and Eighth Avenues. The Apollo, which first opened in 1914, was bought by Sidney Cohen in 1934, at the height of the Harlem Renaissance. Cohen introduced the theatre's amateur nights, which have a history of famous participants: Ella Fitzgerald made her singing debut there at the age of 16 in 1934.
  • In this 1943 picture African American airmen receive training; they stand around a map and listen to their white commanding officer. The men are training at the Tuskegee airfield in Alabama, which was for African Americans only. Pilots trained here became known as Tuskegee Airmen, and they made a significant contribution to the air war. Superbly trained, more than half the pilots graduating from here became combat pilots in the European theater of operations.
  • The Chicago Defender
    The Chicago Defender is the longest established and most successful black newspaper in the US. It was established in 1905 by Robert S. Abbott and covered issues particularly concerning African Americans. The newspaper became hugely successful and had a widespread African American readership.
  • Louis Farrakhan
    Louis Farrakhan addresses an audience November 17, 1995 in Washington, DC. Farrakhan, a controversial figure, is the leader of the Nation of Islam, and was the chief organizer of the Million Man March in 1995.
  • Funerals with music are peculiar to New Orleans, and have their roots in the early eighteenth century, when brass bands would accompany the funeral procession, which would play solemn music before the burial, and livelier music on the return from the cemetery. Brass bands gave way to jazz bands, and jazz funerals have long been a traditional way of marking death in the city.
  • Mississippi John Hurt
    Mississippi John Hurt (1893-1966) sings the blues in Washington Square Park, New York City in 1965. His influence extends from blues to country, bluegrass, folk and contemporary rock music.
  • Jack Johnson
    Jack Johnson (1878-1946) became the heavyweight champion of the world in 1908 when he beat Tommy Burns, though this would not be officially ratified until 1910, after his defeat of the "great white hope" Jim Jeffries. He lost the title in 1915.
  • Calypso dancers are celebrating Kwanzaa at the Museum of Natural History in New York City. Kwanzaa is a celebration of African culture that was created by American author and activist Dr. Maulana Karenga in 1966. The name Kwanzaa comes from the Swahili phrase matunda ya kwanza, meaning "first fruits." Each day of Kwanzaa is dedicated to a specific principle: Umoja (Unity); Kujichagulia (Self-determination); Ujima (Collective work and responsibility); Ujamaa (Cooperative economics); Nia (Purpose); Kuumba (Creativity); and Imani (Faith).
  • African child, dancing.
  • Martin Luther King Day
    Images of Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. are shown as part of the Martin Luther King Day celebrations in San Francisco in January 2004. Numerous events across the nation are held annually to celebrate the civil rights leader's birthday.
  • Author Toni Morrison is the first African American woman to receive the Nobel Prize in literature. Born Chloe Anthony Wofford in the Ohio city of Lorain, she worked initially as an editor for a large publishing house, before turning to writing herself. Many of her novels, including her 1970 debut The Bluest Eye, deal with the experiences of African Americans in America and in American history. Perhaps her most powerful novel is Beloved, which tells the story of a slave woman who murders her two-year-old daughter to save her from a life of slavery and the haunting presence of slavery in the psychology of black people. The novel won Toni Morrison the 1988 Pulitzer Prize.
  • Black Panthers
    Black Panthers demonstrate in 1969 after other members of their party were charged with planning to plant bombs in New York City.
  • Woman Praying
    A worshipper clasps her hands in prayer as she sings during a service on January 20, 2003 in Landover, Maryland to celebrate Martin Luther King Day.
  • Lady selling breadfruit
    Lady selling breadfruit.
  • Phillis Wheatley
    The poet Phillis Wheatley (c.1753-1784) was bought as a slave by Mr. John Wheatley of Boston. Educated by him, she quickly became an accomplished reader. Wheatley began writing poetry in 1765, and her first known published poem appeared in December 1767. In 1773 she published a volume entitled Poems on Various Subjects, Religious and Moral. She is recognized as America's first notable black poet.
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